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Environmental Factors Behind Thyroid Disease | Wellness Clinic

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ located in the base of the neck. It's in charge of releasing essential thyroid hormones which control the body's metabolism, the way the body uses energy. The thyroid gland's hormones regulate vital body functions, such as breathing, heart rate, central and peripheral nervous systems, body temperature and more.

What causes autoimmune thyroid disease?
As essential as the thyroid gland is, however, the body's own immune system can sometimes malfunction and attack this important endocrine organ, ultimately affecting its function. Autoimmune thyroid diseases, like Hashimoto's thyroid disease and Graves' disease, have been on the rise in the United States. While the diagnosis of thyroid disease has increased, many doctors still don't know the cause of the issue, but these have been linked to several factors.

Environmental Factors for AITD
A number of environmental factors have been associated with the development an…

CDC: Teenagers Need More Sleep


Getting more sleep will likely help middle and high school students in Nevada and across the country do better in school, be healthier and make healthier choices, according to a study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.



Epidemiologist Anne Wheaton with the CDC says only one in eight students in Nevada gets the recommended amount of sleep, between eight-and-a-half and nine-and-a-half hours per night. She says sleep deprivation is linked to drinking alcohol, smoking tobacco and using drugs as well as poor academic performance.


“If you haven’t had enough sleep and you’re sitting in the first period of school, you have a harder time paying attention and your memory doesn’t work quite as well,” she says. “If you don’t get enough sleep.”


Wheaton says a major cause of the sleep problem is 87 percent of middle and high schools in Nevada start school before 8:30 a.m., which does not give students enough time to get the recommended amount of sleep. She says puberty delays sleep, which means teenagers need more time to get going in the morning because their bodies are keeping them up later at night.


Wheaton points out the American Academy of Pediatrics issued a policy statement last year urging middle and high schools to modify start times to no earlier than 8:30 a.m. to aid students in getting sufficient sleep to improve their overall health.


“Not getting enough sleep tends to affect your appetite so you eat more, you’re more fatigued, so you’re less likely to exercise,” says Wheaton. “It can impact your blood sugar, so further down the road after years of not getting enough sleep, you’re more likely to develop diabetes for instance.”


There are other factors involved, but Wheaton says some school districts are resistant to later start times because they say it would increase costs for busing students. She says parents can also help their children practice good sleep habits by maintaining a consistent bedtime and rise time, including on weekends.


Author: Troy Wilde, Public News Service (NV)

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