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How Psychologists Help Fibromyalgia Patients | Central Chiropractor

About 30% of people with fibromyalgia experience nervousness, depression, or some form of mood disturbance. Researchers have not yet determined whether fibromyalgia causes these conditions or vice versa, but what has become clear is that when your psychological state succumbs to your physical pain, your pain gets stronger. That's why your physician may recommend you seek a psychiatrist, psychologist, or a counselor.

How can mental and emotional support help with fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia is a complex condition. Its symptoms will often impact your life in a way that transcend pain and are varied. The pain and fatigue alone could be sufficient to negatively alter your lifestyle, thus affecting your mood. To take control of your symptoms, you may have to have a multi-disciplinary strategy, incorporating psychology, physical therapy, and medications, to help provide overall relief from all fibromyalgia symptoms.

The Difference Between Anxiety and Depression
Many individuals frequent…

5 Common Causes for Lumbar Pain


While low back pain is especially common, the problems are caused by a mixture of conditions or injuries involving the complex network of spinal muscles, nerves, bones, discs, or tendons in the lumbar spine. An affliction to any of the local structures of the lumbar spine can result in radiating pain that may travel to other parts of the body but the symptoms and severity of low back pain vary for each person. These are 5 frequently diagnosed conditions that could be the source of your lumbar spine pain.  

Sciatica
Sciatica attributes to a group of symptoms rather than a single condition. Sciatica is identified by one or multiple symptoms consisting of chronic pain that extends from the lower back down to the buttocks and leg, tingling sensations on the lower extremities, numbness and weakness, or difficulty fulfilling everyday activities like walking or sitting. These occur when the sciatic nerve roots become compressed and irritated due to a hidden condition in the lumbar spine that causes the impingement of the nerves.

Spinal Stenosis
Lumbar spinal stenosis is a progressive condition classified by degeneration in the spine that results in a narrowing of the spinal channel. Through time, the spine gradually changes and degenerates, eventually leading to a narrower spinal canal that begins to pinch the spinal nerve roots and causes the well-known low back pain, tingling, and numbness symptoms. Some people are born with a congenital form of the condition but the majority develop lumbar spine stenosis when degeneration develops in older people, usually over the age of 50.

Spondylolisthesis
Another condition due to degeneration in the spine, spondylolisthesis in the lower back occurs when a single vertebra in the lumbar area slips forward over the vertebrae below it, causing the natural structure of the spine to become misaligned. Typical symptoms of the condition include the symptoms of sciatica. However, when stress causes a small fracture in the spinal segments that result in the vertebra shifting forward, this other condition is referred as isthmic spondylolisthesis and commonly occurs in younger individuals.

Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction
Not all conditions causing low back pain originate from the lumbar spine. Dysfunction in the sacroiliac joint also yields symptoms of sharp pain in the lower back and lower extremities, tingling, and numbness. The sacroiliac joint is located between the sacrum and the back of the hip and functions by supporting the movements of the lower limbs together with the muscles, nerves, and tendons in the lumbar area. With underuse or overuse, the local muscles surrounding the sacroiliac joint become inflamed or tight, leading to sacroiliac joint dysfunction.

Facet Joint Arthritis
Arthritis through degeneration, also known as osteoarthritis, can develop in multiple areas of the body, resulting in the breakdown of the bone and cartilage of the spine from natural wear and tear alterations. From all the degenerative lumbar spine conditions known today, facet joint arthritis is among the most common of them all. The facet joints are aligned on the back of the spine, linking each vertebra together. The joints are covered with articular cartilage but when this erodes with age, the facet joints are prone to develop arthritis, greatly affecting the flexibility and movement of the spine.

Most of the lumbar spine conditions are a result of degeneration that naturally occurs as we age but with the proper treatments and exercises, these can be avoided and prevented. Strengthening the lower back muscles often helps ease the symptoms associated with these conditions and can also prevent certain conditions. It’s essential to consult a health professional when symptoms become present in order to begin treatment as early as possible.

By Dr. Alex Jimenez

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Pain in the Quadratus Lumborum Muscle

A majority of the population have at some point experienced low back pain in their lifetimes. Although low back pain is recognized to result from numerous conditions or injuries on the lumbar spine, muscle strains such as a quadratus lumborum muscle strain, are believed to be a leading cause for the recognizable symptoms of pain and discomfort.
The quadratus lumborum muscle is a sizable muscle in the shape of a triangle, located deep on each respective side of the lower back. The role of the wide muscular tissue is to grant mobility to the lumbar spine in sequence for the torso to move laterally from side to side as well as extend and stabilize the lower spine to improve posture. When this muscle is strained or pulled, the symptoms can restrict movement on the lower back and since the muscular tissue is so extensive, recovery from this type of injury usually requires more time and patience to fully heal.


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Achilles Tendon Injury

Achilles tendonitis is a medical term used to describe a condition resulting in irritation of the large tendon, the Achilles tendon. Found in the back of the ankle, this condition is recognized as a common cause for injury among athletes. Excessive use of the Achilles tendon results in inflammation together with swelling and pain.
The development of Achilles tendonitis can be associated with two important factors, most frequently among athletes, which are, lack of flexibility and over-pronation. With age, the tendons will begin to lose flexibility, just the same as other tissues in the body. This change causes the tendons to become more rigid and more vulnerable to injury. For some people, the ankle may roll too far downward and inward with each step they take. This is called over-pronation, which places more stress on the tendons and ligaments of the foot, contributing to injury if not corrected.
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The shoulders are the most mobile joints in the human body. Because the ball of the humerus is designed to be larger than the shoulder socket that holds it, the shoulders need to be supported by muscles, tendons, and ligaments to secure them in a stable or natural position. Since the shoulder can be unstable, it is often a site for many common complications. Below are 5 common causes of shoulder pain and their associated symptoms.
Rotator Cuff Tear
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